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本文首先介绍了汽车EMC标准分类,然后整理分析了国内汽车整车与零部件EMC主要标准体系,给出了其测试项目内容与类别,在此基础上把电动汽车标准与常规内燃机汽车标准进行对比,指出了电动汽车检测标准特点以及目前存在的不足。
 

YI、QICHEEMCBIAOZHUNFENLEI

QICHEEMCBIAOZHUNFENLEIRUTU1SUOSHI,KEFENWEIEMI(DIANCIGANRAO)HEEMS(DIANCIMINGANXINGHUODIANCIKANGRAOXING)LIANGLEI,EMIZHUYAOBAOKUOCHUANDAOFASHEHEFUSHEFASHE;EMSZHUYAOBAOKUOCHUANDAOKANGRAO、FUSHEKANGRAOHEJINGDIANESD。

图2 汽车EMC标准分类图
 

ER、QICHEEMCBIAOZHUNTIXI

MUQIANQICHEEMCBIAOZHUNTIXIKEFENWEIGUOJIBIAOZHUN(ISO/ IEC/ CISPR)、GUOJIABIAOZHUN(ANSI/ FCC/ SAE/ FTZ/ VDE/ BSI/ VCCI)、QIYEBIAOZHUN(EMC-CS-2009/ DC-10614/ GMW-3097)、DIQUBIAOZHUN(ECEFAGUI/EECZHILING)。QIZHONGQIYEBIAOZHUNBIGUOJISHANGTONGYONGDEBIAOZHUNYAOYANGEHENDUO,LIRUTONGCHANGGUOJIBIAOZHUNDUIYUQICHEKANGRAODUDEYAOQIUTONGCHANGWEI24V/m,ERYIXIEQICHEGONGSIZEGUIDINGWEI100V/m—200V/m。ZHONGGUOEMCBIAOZHUNTIXIQIBUYUSHANGSHIJI80NIANDAI,QIZHONGGBDAIBIAOQIANGZHIBIAOZHUN,GB/TYIBANWEIFEIQIANGZHIBIAOZHUN(CHULINGYOUFAGUIHUOWENJIANGUIDINGCHUWAI)。WOGUODIANCIJIANRONGBIAOZHUNZHIDINGGONGZUOQIBUJIAOWAN,DADUOSHUBIAOZHUNDOUYINYONGGUOJIBIAOZHUN,BIAO1ANZHAOZHENGCHEHELINGBUJIAN、NEIRANJICHEHEDIANDONGQICHE、QIANGJIANHEFEIQIANGJIANJINXINGFENLEIZHENGLI,LIECHULEGUONEIEMCCESHIZHUYAOBIAOZHUN。

 

BIAO1 GUONEICHANGYONGBIAOZHUN


BIAO1ZHONGLIECHUDENEIRANJICHEBIAOZHUNTONGYANGSHIYINGYUDIANDONGCHE,DIANDONGCHELEIBIAOZHUNWEIDIANDONGCHETEYOUDEBIAOZHUN。BIAOZHONGGB/T18655-2010,GB34660-2017,GB/T19951-2005SANGEBIAOZHUNTONGSHISHIYONGYUZHENGCHEHELINGBUJIAN。QIZHONGQICHEXINGYEQIANGZHIZHIXINGDEGB 14023HEGB/T18387LIANGGEBIAOZHUNCHUFADIANDOUSHIBAOHUCHEWAIJIESHOUJI,YEJIUSHIBAOHUCHELIANGZISHENYIWAIDEQITADIANQISHEBEIBUYINCHELIANGGONGZUOCHANSHENGDEDIANCIFUSHEERGONGZUOYICHANG。2017NIANXINBANBUDEQIANGZHIBIAOZHUNGB 34660-2017ZEZENGJIALEDUICHELIANGJIQIDIANQIXITONGNAISHOUWAILAIDIANCISAORAODEYAOQIU。TPMSJIANCEBIAOZHUNYOUGB26149-2017TIDAIGB/T26149-2010,CHENGWEIQIANGJIANXIANGMU。BMCSJIANCEBIAOZHUNGB/T30513ZHISHIYINGYUZHUANGYOUABSXITONGDEM1CHELIANG。

     
电动汽车与传统内燃机车相比,最大不同在于高压供电及驱动系统、充电系统,表1已经给出了相关测试标准。充电系统是新能源汽车的标配,对新能源汽车的推广发展至关重要。下面针对充电系统做一个基础分析介绍。

 

GB/T 18487-2017JICHULEJIAOZHILIUCHONGDIANZHANJIQIGOUCHENGXIANGGUANDUANKOUEMCCESHIFANGFAYIJIPINGJIABIAOZHUN,CHONGDIANXITONGSHIYITURUTU3SUOSHI,CESHIFUZAIGONGKUANGYOUDAIJIMOSHIHECHONGDIANMOSHILIANGZHONG,XUCESHISHEBEIJIDUANKOUYIJINGZAITUZHONGBIAOCHU。QIZHONGWAIQIAODUANKOUDINGYIWEI:DIANCICHANGKEYITONGGUOTALAIFUSHEHUORUQINDEWULIBIANJIE。CPTDUANKOUZHIDESHICHUANDAODIANNENGCHUANSHUDUANKOU,BAOKUODIANNENGCHUANDAOBINGTIGONGXIANGGUANXINHAO、KONGZHIHUOZHETONGXUNGONGNENG。

     
充电系统作为汽车和电网的接口部分,其意义重大,一方面抗扰性要满足来自电网和汽车的骚扰,另一方面自身骚扰限值要满足测试要求,不能影响电网和损坏汽车部件。抗扰测试包括电快速瞬变脉冲群抗扰度、浪涌抗扰度、射频场感应传导骚扰抗扰度测试,骚扰测试包括低频骚扰(交流电源端口谐波电流、电压波动和闪烁)和射频骚扰。具体细节可查看相关标准。

 

TU3 CHONGDIANXITONGSHIYITU


三、总结 

BULUNSHINAZHONGLEIXINGDEQICHE,LINGBUJIANJIEMCXINGNENGHAOHUAIDUIZHENGCHEEMCXINGNENGHAOHUAIZHIGUANZHONGYAO。ZAIZHENGCHEEMCCESHIZHONGFASHENGDEWENTI,DADUOSHUZHENGCHEEMCXINGNENGWENTIDOUSHIYUANZIYULINGBUJIANJIDIANCIJIANRONGWENTI。YOUXIESHIMOUGEDIANZIKONGZHIMOKUAIZISHENDEKANGGANRAONENGLIJIAOCHA,YOUXIESHIMOUGEGANXINGLINGJIANRUDIANJISAORAOCHAOBIAODENG。DANGQICHENEIBUDIANCIGANRAOFASHENGSHI,QINGZEDAOZHISHOUGANRAODEMINGANDIANZISHEBEIGONGNENGFASHENGJIANGJI,ZHONGZEDAOZHIQIGONGNENGSHIXIAO,JIQICHEDEANQUANXINGSHIZAOCHENGYANZHONGYINGXIANG。ZHIDINGCHUXIANGYINGBIAOZHUNJINXINGCESHI,SHIJIANYANZHENGCHE、LINGBUJIANEMCXINGNENGHAOHUAIDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,BINGNENGGOUJIEMCSHEJIRENYUANTIGONGSHEJIZHICHI。YINCIBIXUZHONGSHIQICHEEMCYANJIUYUBIAOZHUNTIXIDEJIANLI,WEIQICHEEMCANQUANJIANCEBAOJIAHUHANG。


、测试解决方案(汽车零部件部分) 

 

图4罗德与施瓦茨汽车零部件设备的 EMI 测试配置框图

罗德与施瓦茨EMI接收机介绍

 





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